Secrets of a Civil War Photo Album
A Civil War photo album donated by a local family a few years ago came with an interesting story. Featuring more than two dozen men of the 21st Connecticut Infantry regiment, the album was created by the regiment’s Captain E. Perry Packer. Captain Packer and his family moved to Santa Monica, California in the 1870s and assumed new identities. Why did they make such a drastic move? Who were the men included in the photo album?
Lincoln in Plaster, Marble, and Bronze
Sculpture from the Permanent Collection
Opened February, 2020
Abraham Lincoln first sat for sculptor Leonard Volk in the spring of 1860, before he was even nominated for President. Volk created a plaster “life mask” of Lincoln’s face in order to reduce the number of sittings. Nearly every sculptor during the following 160 years has utilized this and a second life mask, created by Clark Mills in 1865.
In these artistic creations, Lincoln is presented in myriad ways: noble, determined, rugged, stoic, and heroic. The forms the artists used include realism, idealization, and abstraction. Lincoln’s enduring legacy is not only his achievements during his lifetime, but also how his visage continues to be created, shaped, and presented through artistic expression.
US Sanitary Commission
Concerned about the welfare of their family members in the military, citizens in the North created several private organizations designed to improve their living conditions. Among the most effective was the United States Sanitary Commission, which worked with field hospitals and camps, and provided food and medical care to soldiers returning from the war. The group hosted Sanitary Fairs in Northern and Midwestern cities to raise fund for their efforts during the war. President Lincoln and his wife Mary visited Sanitary Fairs in and around Washington, D.C. to congratulate members of the Commission for their work. (Learn more about the Lincolns visit to a fair in April, 1864).
It was at a Sanitary Fair in Connecticut that the story of the Shrine’s Sanitary Commission quilt begins. Click here to learn more.
Clara Barton’s Missing Soldiers Office
Among her many accomplishments, Clara Barton spent the post-Civil War years working with families to locate missing soldiers. Headed by Barton, the Office of Correspondence with Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army, known as the Missing Soldiers Office, corresponded with tens of thousands of families between 1865 and 1868.
P.A. Bell: Abolitionist
Have you heard of abolitionist journalist Philip Alexander Bell? A native of New York, Bell was active in New York City’s African American community before moving west and founding The Elevator, a newspaper that became an important voice for San Francisco’s African American community in the period following the Civil War.
Camp Life of a Soldier
Fraught with boredom, mischief, and disease, Civil War army camps were often a den of malice. With the average soldier spending three quarters of his time at camp, most were forced to find ways to alleviate the monotony of their daily routine. While gambling was considered an “evil practice,” card games, dice, marbles, and lice races were common distractions. Combined with the periodic consumption of alcohol, boredom and gaming often led to physical altercations between soldiers.
Slavery Shall Not Exist in the United States
Since its founding, anti-slavery sentiment existed in the United States. As the nation expanded, boundaries shifted and the population increased, creating a larger divide between citizens. This divide grew as the abolitionist movement became prevalent in the northern states, while the southern states continued to exploit the enslaved populations as a labor source. This unsteady arrangement created political and social tension throughout the country. Learn more about the journey to end slavery in the United States.
Edward Baker, California Martyr
Oregon Senator Edward D. Baker became the only member of the Senate to die in battle during the Civil War. His death at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff in October, 1861 made him a martyr in the fight to end the southern rebellion and brought heartache for his good friend Abraham Lincoln. Learn about Senator Baker’s remarkable life and his role in forming the California Regiment.
Lincoln and Mexico
Events in Mexico had a major impact on Abraham Lincoln’s career. In 1847, newly elected Congressman Lincoln was strongly opposed to America’s war with Mexico. He accused President James K. Polk of lying about one of the principal causes of the war, an alleged Mexican attack on US troops. Lincoln demanded to know the exact spot where the attack took place, believing that it was on Mexican soil, not American. Lincoln’s detractors derisively nicknamed him “spotty Lincoln”. Unfortunately for his congressional career, the war was very popular with the majority of his constituents in Illinois. As a result, Lincoln’s political party, the Whigs, declined to back him for reelection in 1848. Find out the rest of the story here.
Thanks to You
To honor President Lincoln’s birthday, the Watchorn Lincoln Memorial Association hosts the annual Watchorn Lincoln Dinner each February 12th. The largest event of its kind in the United States, the Lincoln Dinner has become a great opportunity for supporters to make a contribution for the Shrine to acquire something new each year.
Since its inception in 2017, the Lincoln Sponsorship Fund has aided in the acquisition of wonderful additions to the Shrine’s collections. Explore the items acquired through the generosity of supporters of the Sponsorship Fund.
Medal of Honor Hero: Benjamin Hilliker
An eighteen year old drummer boy in the 8th Wisconsin Infantry, Benjamin Hilliker was awarded our nation’s highest military decoration for his heroism during the decisive Vicksburg campaign. Learn the story of his heroism.
The Sultana Disaster
Learn about the worst maritime disaster in American history and its part in the Civil War.
Learn about the “The Sultana Disaster”.
Abraham Lincoln’s likeness and words were used for a variety of purposes since his untimely death at the age of 56. This has particularly been true during moments of turmoil in the United States. World War I is an example of a time when leaders turned to the 16th President to inspire the public.
Dorothea Dix: Dictator in a Petticoat
Educator, social reformer, and humanitarian Dorothea Dix devoted her life to advocating for the mentally ill. Her tireless work to bring attention to the often overlooked and misunderstood issue brought about widespread reforms in the field in the United States and abroad. During the Civil War, Dix was charged with the administration of military hospitals where she advocated for the work of female nurses. Learn more about Dorothea Dix’s work during the Civil War.
First Louisiana Native Guard
The original First Louisiana Native Guard was formed as part of the Louisiana militia in May 1861. Composed of former slaves who had escaped to freedom and free black men, some of whom held prominent positions in New Orleans society in the antebellum period, the group was disbanded in early 1862 and never mustered in to the Confederate military.
The significance of the Presidential Election of 1860 is indisputable. The four way contest pitted Republican Abraham Lincoln against Democrat Senator Stephen Douglass, Southern Democrat John Breckinridge, and Constitutional Unionist John Bell. The outcome sparked Civil War and irrevocably changed the nation. Learn more about the most important election in American history.
Veterans Go West
Some had streets named after them, others played prominent roles in the establishment and promotion of the City of Redlands in its early years, but they all shared the experience of having served in the military during the Civil War. As was true of many western cities, Redlands was settled by hundreds of Civil War veterans in its formative years. While the majority merely passed through town for brief periods, others made Redlands their home and the place where they lived the remainder of their lives.
New York City Draft Riots
By the beginning of 1863 enthusiasm in the North for what many were calling “Mr. Lincoln’s war” was fading. Thousands of soldiers had deserted and many volunteers were reaching the end of their two year enlistment terms. Desperate for more men to prosecute the war, Lincoln decided to push forward a conscription act, which would force men into the military. Learn about the consequences of this decision.
Remember Fort Pillow
Overlooking the Mississippi River, Fort Pillow was constructed in under the direction of Confederate Brigadier General Gideon Pillow in 1861. Captured by United States forces the following year, the river stronghold became a supply depot and recruitment center. Learn about the tragedy that made “Remember Fort Pillow!” the battle cry of African American soldiers.
Lincoln the Lawyer
Abraham Lincoln practiced law for nearly twenty-five years in Illinois. Other than part-time service in the Illinois legislature and United States Congress, law was his full-time occupation prior to the presidency. Learn more about Lincoln’s career as a lawyer.
Take a picture with Lincoln!
Try the telegraph! The latest in 1860s technology.
Lincoln Family Tree
Ever wondered if there are any living descendants of Abraham Lincoln? Find the answer on the Lincoln Family Tree.
And the War Came
Commemorating the Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War
Explore “And the War Came”
This series concluded February, 2015
Lincoln: Life and Legacy 1809-2009
A Special Exhibit of the Lincoln Memorial Shrine.
This exhibition closed February, 2011
Two hundred years after his birth, the life and legacy of Abraham Lincoln continues to fascinate and inspire. Born into poverty on the edge of an untamed frontier, his rise from obscurity to greatness has become a symbol of the universal hope that we can all improve our circumstances in life.
Lincoln’s family life has also generated interest over the years. Although some claim that his marriage to the volatile Mary Todd was a burden to Abe, others point to the love that both parents clearly had for their four sons.
His twin great accomplishments, ending the scourge of American slavery while simultaneously preserving the Union of States during its most challenging crisis, have led many to name him American’s greatest statesman.
Later presidents, including Theodore Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and Barack Obama, have all drawn inspiration from Lincoln. His ubiquitous image can be found throughout American culture, sometimes in quite unexpected places. Utilizing some of our finest manuscripts, artifacts, and broadsides the Lincoln Memorial Shrine is proud to host a special exhibit commemorating the Bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln’s birth.
The Sultana Disaster
Learn about the worst maritime disaster in American history and its part in the Civil War.
Lincoln, California, and the Civil War
An Exhibit That Features California’s Interest in the Civil War.
This exhibition closed February, 2009
Although Lincoln never set foot in the Golden State, many in California admired and respected him. A split in the Democratic Party allowed Lincoln to capture the state’s five electoral votes in 1860. The president relied on California during the war for both soldiers and gold to finance the war effort.
16,000 Californians joined the California Volunteer Militia, which enabled U.S. Regular Army troops to be transferred to the war zones back east. Approximately 100 California expatriates in the east joined the so-called California Regiment, which was officially designated the 71st Pennsylvania, and saw four years of hard fighting. In 1864 California’s electoral votes were an important part of Lincoln’s reelection. Lincoln expressed a strong desire to visit the Golden State after his second term, unfortunately a wish left unfulfilled.